GitHub is a great collaborative development platform for Open Source. My projects were currently only published in source zip files, and my SVN repository was private. Having played a while with GitHub, this is now a must have if you want some contributions. So I decided to publish my projects to GitHub.
But I had some exigences :
- Keep separate a ‘private’ repository and the GitHub public one : I use a repository to sync files between my Linux and Windows development environments with a lot of technical commits
- Have history commits (but cleaned of those technical commits and rubbish comments)
As I use SVN for my private repository, it is very easy to distinguish from git commits. And both tools perfectly works alongside each other.
To migrate contents, I wrote two scripts, inspired by this article about GIT commits in the past : https://leewc.com/articles/making-past-git-commits/
Migration from Files
The first one is for projects for which I have kepts history of source files
# Should empty dir # rm -Rf * git init for FILE in "$@" do STRIP=`tar tf "$FILE" | cut -d/ -f1 | uniq | wc -l` if [ $STRIP -eq 1 ] then TARSTRIP="--strip-components=1" else TARSTRIP="" fi # Should clean here except .git # rm -Rf (!.git) tar xzf "$FILE" $TARSTRIP export GIT_COMMITTER_DATE="` stat -c %y $FILE`" export GIT_AUTHOR_DATE="$GIT_COMMITTER_DATE" echo "$FILE > $GIT_AUTHOR_DATE" git add -A > /dev/null RELEASE=`basename -s .tar.gz $FILE` git commit -am "Release $RELEASE (See Changelog)" > /dev/null git tag -a "$RELEASE" -m "Release $RELEASE" done export GIT_COMMITTER_DATE= export GIT_AUTHOR_DATE=
Note that the files removed in files are not removed. If you want to, uncomment rm -Rf items, at your own risk. I prefered a cleanup commit at the end.
./files-to-git.sh /home/www/soft/rphoto/rphoto-0.2.0.tar.gz /home/www/soft/rphoto/rphoto-0.3.2.tar.gz /home/www/soft/rphoto/rphoto-0.4.0.tar.gz /home/www/soft/rphoto/rphoto-0.4.1.tar.gz /home/www/soft/rphoto/rphoto-0.4.2.tar.gz /home/www/soft/rphoto/rphoto-0.4.3.tar.gz /home/www/soft/rphoto/rphoto-0.4.4.tar.gz
Once finished, you may push to an uninitialized repository at GitHub.
You may also move the .git repository created at your current repository, and commit extra changes.
Migration from SVN
There is a lot of great tools to migrate SVN to GIT, but I found no one that could merge some commits to have a clean history. Too bad it is not supported by SVN or GIT.
So I decided to select some revisions to build GIT history.
#xmlTreeNav #SVNPATH="file:///home/svn/trunk/projects/xmltreenav/" #REVS="112:v0.1.0 296:v0.2.3 351:v0.3.0 389:v0.3.1 576:v0.3.2 640:v0.3.3" # libxmldiff SVNPATH="file:///home/svn/trunk/projects/libxmldiff/" REVS="84:v0.2.0 301:v0.2.5 396:v0.2.6 402:v0.2.7 608:v0.2.8" git init echo .svn > .gitignore for ITEM in $REVS do REV=`echo $ITEM | cut -d : -f 1` VER=`echo $ITEM | cut -d : -f 2` svn co -r "$REV" "$SVNPATH" . # > /dev/null export GIT_COMMITTER_DATE="`svn log -r $REV --xml | xmlstarlet sel -T -B -t -v //date`" export GIT_AUTHOR_DATE="$GIT_COMMITTER_DATE" echo "$REV = $VER > $GIT_AUTHOR_DATE" git add -A > /dev/null git commit -am "Release $VER (See Changelog)" > /dev/null git tag -a "$VER" -m "Release $VER" done export GIT_COMMITTER_DATE= export GIT_AUTHOR_DATE=
With this method deleted items are handled ok. No need of a cleanup commit. You may move the .git folder to your repository and push extra changes.